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 July 29, 2016 - Istanbul, Turkey. Rally-goers hold up the Rabia and Grey Wolf symbols at a government-sponsored "pro-democracy" rally following the failed coup on July 15. The four-fingered Rabia gesture has its origins in the Muslim Brotherhood movement, particularly following the overthrow of Mohamed Morsi, the deposed Egyption president. The Grey Wolf gesture is the hand sign for the Grey Wolves, a Turkish ultra-nationalist organization. 

July 29, 2016 - Istanbul, Turkey. Rally-goers hold up the Rabia and Grey Wolf symbols at a government-sponsored "pro-democracy" rally following the failed coup on July 15. The four-fingered Rabia gesture has its origins in the Muslim Brotherhood movement, particularly following the overthrow of Mohamed Morsi, the deposed Egyption president. The Grey Wolf gesture is the hand sign for the Grey Wolves, a Turkish ultra-nationalist organization. 

 July 28, 2016 - Istanbul, Turkey. A man holds a flare at a rally in Taksim Square following the failed coup. The Turkish government organized nightly pro-democracy rallies to stoke national unity in the wake of the failed putsch the left hundreds dead and many injured. 

July 28, 2016 - Istanbul, Turkey. A man holds a flare at a rally in Taksim Square following the failed coup. The Turkish government organized nightly pro-democracy rallies to stoke national unity in the wake of the failed putsch the left hundreds dead and many injured. 

 Aug. 6, 2016 - Istanbul, Turkey. A man holds a plastic chair outfitted with a mock spike and a message that reads "FETÖ'NUN MAKAM KOLTUĞU," which translates to Fetö's office chair. FETÖ is the Turkish acronym for the organization led by Fethullah Gülen, a reclusive and controversial Turkish cleric living in exile in Pennsylvania. He and his movement are accused of orchestrating the July 15 coup.

Aug. 6, 2016 - Istanbul, Turkey. A man holds a plastic chair outfitted with a mock spike and a message that reads "FETÖ'NUN MAKAM KOLTUĞU," which translates to Fetö's office chair. FETÖ is the Turkish acronym for the organization led by Fethullah Gülen, a reclusive and controversial Turkish cleric living in exile in Pennsylvania. He and his movement are accused of orchestrating the July 15 coup.

 Aug. 6, 2016 - Istanbul, Turkey. A man sells Turkish flags, some emblazoned with the face of Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, at a rally in Taksim Square. 

Aug. 6, 2016 - Istanbul, Turkey. A man sells Turkish flags, some emblazoned with the face of Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, at a rally in Taksim Square. 

 July 29, 2016 - Istanbul, Turkey. A man wearing a fez bearing the word "Türkiye" and a Turkish flag t-shirt participates in a pro-democracy rally in Taksim Square. 

July 29, 2016 - Istanbul, Turkey. A man wearing a fez bearing the word "Türkiye" and a Turkish flag t-shirt participates in a pro-democracy rally in Taksim Square. 

 Aug. 5, 2016 - Istanbul, Turkey. Rally-goers, some wearing Turkish flag t-shirts, light flares during a nightly pro-democracy rally in Taksim Square following the failed putsch on July 15. The Turkish president was able to turn the devastating effects of the putsch into a rallying cry for national unity in the face of terror. In the ensuing month, there were "pro-democracy" rallies held every night at major hubs in the city, the largest being Taksim Square where nationalist songs played over images and videos from the night of the coup. 

Aug. 5, 2016 - Istanbul, Turkey. Rally-goers, some wearing Turkish flag t-shirts, light flares during a nightly pro-democracy rally in Taksim Square following the failed putsch on July 15. The Turkish president was able to turn the devastating effects of the putsch into a rallying cry for national unity in the face of terror. In the ensuing month, there were "pro-democracy" rallies held every night at major hubs in the city, the largest being Taksim Square where nationalist songs played over images and videos from the night of the coup. 

 Aug. 5, 2016 - Istanbul, Turkey. People look on at a rally in Taksim Square. The government organized nightly pro-democracy rallies following the failed putsch to stoke national unity. 

Aug. 5, 2016 - Istanbul, Turkey. People look on at a rally in Taksim Square. The government organized nightly pro-democracy rallies following the failed putsch to stoke national unity. 

 July 29, 2016 - Istanbul, Turkey. Two Turkish flags held aloft during a rally in Taksim Square following the failed putsch. 

July 29, 2016 - Istanbul, Turkey. Two Turkish flags held aloft during a rally in Taksim Square following the failed putsch. 

 Aug. 7, 2016 - Istanbul, Turkey. A rally-goer wears a mask of President Erdoğan on the back of his head at the Democracy and Martyrs Meeting, a millions-strong government-sponsored rally in Yenikapı.

Aug. 7, 2016 - Istanbul, Turkey. A rally-goer wears a mask of President Erdoğan on the back of his head at the Democracy and Martyrs Meeting, a millions-strong government-sponsored rally in Yenikapı.

 Aug. 7, 2016 - Istanbul, Turkey. Rally goers hold a massive Turkish flag bearing the star and crescent many times at the Democracy and Martyrs Meeting, a millions-strong government-sponsored rally in Yenikapı. 

Aug. 7, 2016 - Istanbul, Turkey. Rally goers hold a massive Turkish flag bearing the star and crescent many times at the Democracy and Martyrs Meeting, a millions-strong government-sponsored rally in Yenikapı. 

 Aug. 7, 2016 - Istanbul, Turkey. A man takes a nap with a Turkish flag outside of the rally. 

Aug. 7, 2016 - Istanbul, Turkey. A man takes a nap with a Turkish flag outside of the rally. 

 Aug. 7, 2016 - Istanbul, Turkey. Rally goers stand atop factory structures in order to get a view of the stage during the "Democracy and Martyrs Meeting." 

Aug. 7, 2016 - Istanbul, Turkey. Rally goers stand atop factory structures in order to get a view of the stage during the "Democracy and Martyrs Meeting." 

 Aug. 7, 2016 - Istanbul, Turkey. Rally goers shine their lights at the massive government-sponsored democracy rally for unity in Turkey. 

Aug. 7, 2016 - Istanbul, Turkey. Rally goers shine their lights at the massive government-sponsored democracy rally for unity in Turkey. 

 Aug. 7, 2016 - Istanbul, Turkey. Rally-goers unfurl a flag bearing the face of Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan at a massive government-sponsored rally for unity nearly a month after the failed coup. 

Aug. 7, 2016 - Istanbul, Turkey. Rally-goers unfurl a flag bearing the face of Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan at a massive government-sponsored rally for unity nearly a month after the failed coup. 

 Aug. 7, 2016 - Istanbul, Turkey. Rally goers stand atop a pickup truck as President Erdoğan speaks to several million people.

Aug. 7, 2016 - Istanbul, Turkey. Rally goers stand atop a pickup truck as President Erdoğan speaks to several million people.

 Aug. 10, 2016 - Istanbul, Turkey. A woman takes a selfie at the last pro-democracy rally in Taksim Square. 

Aug. 10, 2016 - Istanbul, Turkey. A woman takes a selfie at the last pro-democracy rally in Taksim Square. 

 Aug. 10, 2016 - Istanbul, Turkey. Two women hold hands while others hold flags and light flares at the last pro-democracy rally in Taksim Square. 

Aug. 10, 2016 - Istanbul, Turkey. Two women hold hands while others hold flags and light flares at the last pro-democracy rally in Taksim Square. 

July 29, 2016 - Istanbul, Turkey. Rally-goers hold up the Rabia and Grey Wolf symbols at a government-sponsored "pro-democracy" rally following the failed coup on July 15. The four-fingered Rabia gesture has its origins in the Muslim Brotherhood movement, particularly following the overthrow of Mohamed Morsi, the deposed Egyption president. The Grey Wolf gesture is the hand sign for the Grey Wolves, a Turkish ultra-nationalist organization. 

July 28, 2016 - Istanbul, Turkey. A man holds a flare at a rally in Taksim Square following the failed coup. The Turkish government organized nightly pro-democracy rallies to stoke national unity in the wake of the failed putsch the left hundreds dead and many injured. 

Aug. 6, 2016 - Istanbul, Turkey. A man holds a plastic chair outfitted with a mock spike and a message that reads "FETÖ'NUN MAKAM KOLTUĞU," which translates to Fetö's office chair. FETÖ is the Turkish acronym for the organization led by Fethullah Gülen, a reclusive and controversial Turkish cleric living in exile in Pennsylvania. He and his movement are accused of orchestrating the July 15 coup.

Aug. 6, 2016 - Istanbul, Turkey. A man sells Turkish flags, some emblazoned with the face of Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, at a rally in Taksim Square. 

July 29, 2016 - Istanbul, Turkey. A man wearing a fez bearing the word "Türkiye" and a Turkish flag t-shirt participates in a pro-democracy rally in Taksim Square. 

Aug. 5, 2016 - Istanbul, Turkey. Rally-goers, some wearing Turkish flag t-shirts, light flares during a nightly pro-democracy rally in Taksim Square following the failed putsch on July 15. The Turkish president was able to turn the devastating effects of the putsch into a rallying cry for national unity in the face of terror. In the ensuing month, there were "pro-democracy" rallies held every night at major hubs in the city, the largest being Taksim Square where nationalist songs played over images and videos from the night of the coup. 

Aug. 5, 2016 - Istanbul, Turkey. People look on at a rally in Taksim Square. The government organized nightly pro-democracy rallies following the failed putsch to stoke national unity. 

July 29, 2016 - Istanbul, Turkey. Two Turkish flags held aloft during a rally in Taksim Square following the failed putsch. 

Aug. 7, 2016 - Istanbul, Turkey. A rally-goer wears a mask of President Erdoğan on the back of his head at the Democracy and Martyrs Meeting, a millions-strong government-sponsored rally in Yenikapı.

Aug. 7, 2016 - Istanbul, Turkey. Rally goers hold a massive Turkish flag bearing the star and crescent many times at the Democracy and Martyrs Meeting, a millions-strong government-sponsored rally in Yenikapı. 

Aug. 7, 2016 - Istanbul, Turkey. A man takes a nap with a Turkish flag outside of the rally. 

Aug. 7, 2016 - Istanbul, Turkey. Rally goers stand atop factory structures in order to get a view of the stage during the "Democracy and Martyrs Meeting." 

Aug. 7, 2016 - Istanbul, Turkey. Rally goers shine their lights at the massive government-sponsored democracy rally for unity in Turkey. 

Aug. 7, 2016 - Istanbul, Turkey. Rally-goers unfurl a flag bearing the face of Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan at a massive government-sponsored rally for unity nearly a month after the failed coup. 

Aug. 7, 2016 - Istanbul, Turkey. Rally goers stand atop a pickup truck as President Erdoğan speaks to several million people.

Aug. 10, 2016 - Istanbul, Turkey. A woman takes a selfie at the last pro-democracy rally in Taksim Square. 

Aug. 10, 2016 - Istanbul, Turkey. Two women hold hands while others hold flags and light flares at the last pro-democracy rally in Taksim Square. 

 July 29, 2016 - Istanbul, Turkey. Rally-goers hold up the Rabia and Grey Wolf symbols at a government-sponsored "pro-democracy" rally following the failed coup on July 15. The four-fingered Rabia gesture has its origins in the Muslim Brotherhood movement, particularly following the overthrow of Mohamed Morsi, the deposed Egyption president. The Grey Wolf gesture is the hand sign for the Grey Wolves, a Turkish ultra-nationalist organization. 
 July 28, 2016 - Istanbul, Turkey. A man holds a flare at a rally in Taksim Square following the failed coup. The Turkish government organized nightly pro-democracy rallies to stoke national unity in the wake of the failed putsch the left hundreds dead and many injured. 
 Aug. 6, 2016 - Istanbul, Turkey. A man holds a plastic chair outfitted with a mock spike and a message that reads "FETÖ'NUN MAKAM KOLTUĞU," which translates to Fetö's office chair. FETÖ is the Turkish acronym for the organization led by Fethullah Gülen, a reclusive and controversial Turkish cleric living in exile in Pennsylvania. He and his movement are accused of orchestrating the July 15 coup.
 Aug. 6, 2016 - Istanbul, Turkey. A man sells Turkish flags, some emblazoned with the face of Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, at a rally in Taksim Square. 
 July 29, 2016 - Istanbul, Turkey. A man wearing a fez bearing the word "Türkiye" and a Turkish flag t-shirt participates in a pro-democracy rally in Taksim Square. 
 Aug. 5, 2016 - Istanbul, Turkey. Rally-goers, some wearing Turkish flag t-shirts, light flares during a nightly pro-democracy rally in Taksim Square following the failed putsch on July 15. The Turkish president was able to turn the devastating effects of the putsch into a rallying cry for national unity in the face of terror. In the ensuing month, there were "pro-democracy" rallies held every night at major hubs in the city, the largest being Taksim Square where nationalist songs played over images and videos from the night of the coup. 
 Aug. 5, 2016 - Istanbul, Turkey. People look on at a rally in Taksim Square. The government organized nightly pro-democracy rallies following the failed putsch to stoke national unity. 
 July 29, 2016 - Istanbul, Turkey. Two Turkish flags held aloft during a rally in Taksim Square following the failed putsch. 
 Aug. 7, 2016 - Istanbul, Turkey. A rally-goer wears a mask of President Erdoğan on the back of his head at the Democracy and Martyrs Meeting, a millions-strong government-sponsored rally in Yenikapı.
 Aug. 7, 2016 - Istanbul, Turkey. Rally goers hold a massive Turkish flag bearing the star and crescent many times at the Democracy and Martyrs Meeting, a millions-strong government-sponsored rally in Yenikapı. 
 Aug. 7, 2016 - Istanbul, Turkey. A man takes a nap with a Turkish flag outside of the rally. 
 Aug. 7, 2016 - Istanbul, Turkey. Rally goers stand atop factory structures in order to get a view of the stage during the "Democracy and Martyrs Meeting." 
 Aug. 7, 2016 - Istanbul, Turkey. Rally goers shine their lights at the massive government-sponsored democracy rally for unity in Turkey. 
 Aug. 7, 2016 - Istanbul, Turkey. Rally-goers unfurl a flag bearing the face of Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan at a massive government-sponsored rally for unity nearly a month after the failed coup. 
 Aug. 7, 2016 - Istanbul, Turkey. Rally goers stand atop a pickup truck as President Erdoğan speaks to several million people.
 Aug. 10, 2016 - Istanbul, Turkey. A woman takes a selfie at the last pro-democracy rally in Taksim Square. 
 Aug. 10, 2016 - Istanbul, Turkey. Two women hold hands while others hold flags and light flares at the last pro-democracy rally in Taksim Square.